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Hafs al-Quti: Kitab Hurusiyus (Book of Orosius) (1000)

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Taken from: Orbis disciplinae Liber Amicorum Patrick Gautier Dalché

 

(Is an Arabic translation of Orosius)

It is also said that (the Nile) has its origin at a source besides a mountain called A.d.l.n.t.h after that it disappears in the sand to resurface not much further to reach an immense lake, after which it continues to the ocean (muhit) through the deserts of Habash, then it turns left towards Egypt. What is thought about the immensity of this river is correct, if its course if as we have described, and if all the monsters are included. The al-Barbar call the river, close to the source Dara, while the other people of the area call it Tab.l, but in the land that is called Copto-Libye it reaches an immense lake and does not leave anymore, except that it changes in an underground river till it resurfaces in the river that comes from the East.

 

The river Nile, which is also called Yaun (Geon); its source is unknown but its beginning in the land of the Habash is visible, it forms there an immense lake, of 100 miles long after that it escapes at the place called Q.t.r.q.t.q.s., there are 483 miles up to there.