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Medieval Authors about East Africa
By Pieter Derideaux
No Books have appeared on this subject for many years. This is strange as a number have appeared concerning West Africa. To fill this void I try making these texts available to everybody. When using these texts; (in e.g. articles or on a website) please mention my name; I worked years on collecting - translating them. No commercial use allowed.
South East Asian States
Neighboring African States
-Chao Ju Kua (1226)
-Awfi Buhari (1228)
-Fariduddin Attar (d1229)
-Ibn Al-Athir (1231)
-Ibn al Mujawir (1232)
-Marco Polo (1295)
-Ma Tuan lin (1295)
-al Malik al Ashraf Umar (d1296)
-Wang Cheng (1300)
-Abu al Uqul (1300)
-mss found at Quseir (1300)
-Chang Shi-Nan (12th-13th century)
-Chang Chih-fu (12th-13th century)
-Mpu Triguna (13th century)
-Ibn al Kashani (13th century)
As illustration only are added here some examples of inscriptions found in East Africa. They are not connected with the list of authors on the left side of the page. But they are also an important source of information about the history of the Swahili. More examples are added as illustrations on specifiek webpages. But I do not give a comprehensive list. And such a list does not exist either.
Mnarani ruins (just north of Mombassa on the road to Malindi). A large number of funerary inscriptions can here be seen from tombs of the 15th century.
The ruins are named after its 36-foot mnara or tower of its Pillar Tomb which is visible on the first picture. Also visible on that picture is the mihrab of the great mosque surrounded by carved inscriptions (more than a hundred feet of broken inscriptions). A small part of them are
shown in a detail picture. And the third picture shows some of the inscriptions of the smaller mosque. At Kioni (now Kitoka) (close to Mnarani) in the mihrab was found an inscription in interlacing Kufic (partly shown in 4th picture).
Gedi (South of Malindi): The tombstone with the dated inscription AH 802 or AD 1399. The rest of the inscription is not readable.