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Medieval Authors about East Africa
By Pieter Derideaux
No Books have appeared on this subject for many years. This is strange as a number have appeared concerning West Africa. To fill this void I try making these texts available to everybody. When using these texts; (in e.g. articles or on a website) please mention my name; I worked years on collecting - translating them. No commercial use allowed.
South East Asian States
Neighboring African States
-Ibn Aboul Khair (1049)
-Al Biruni on India (1050)
-Al Biruni on minerals (1050)
-Al Biruni on the demarcation of the areas(1050)
-Al Biruni on pharmacy (1050)
-Al Biruni Qanum (1050)
-Al Biruni on Astrology (1050)
-Al Biruni worldmaps + translation (1050)
-Al Biruni Ancient Nations (1050)
-Note on Sofala
-Kitab Ghara'ib al-funun (1050)
-Kai Kaus b. Iskander (1083)
-Nizam al Mulk (1091)
-Aboul Maali (1092)
-Al Awhadi (11th cent)
-Ts'ai Tiao (11th century)
-Copy of Timothy of Gaza's book on animals 11th
-Baha al-Din al-Muqtana (11th century)
-Ata i Razi (11th)
-D'Ellath Kul Ellon (end 11th cent)
As illustration only are added here some examples of the finest manuscripts from East Africa. They are not connected with the list of authors on the left side of the page.
The Manuscripts of the Riyadha Mosque of Lamu, Kenya
It has about 150 manuscripts and was established by Ṣaliḥ b. ‘Alawi Jamal al-Layl, known in East Africa as Habib Saleh (1853-1936). He was a descendant of early migrants from Ḥaḍramawt, Yemen, who settled in Pate in the late sixteenth century. The Sufi content reflects its close connection with the Alawi. The library has Swahili and Arabic manuscripts. We give Arabic examples.
On top from a work on Astronomy. Calculation of prayer times etc. specific for the East African coast all the way to Mozambique. Also including Iran etc. Manuscript, 68 pages. Contains several drawings and illustrations of astronomical phenomena. Date of original: Unknown. This is a 19th century copy.
On Top from a Diwan al-‘Adani (The Collected Poetry of Abu Bakr al-‘Adani),
copied by Salim b. Yusallim b. ‘Awaḍ Ba Ṣafar for Habib Saleh in 1927
An illuminated copy of the Quran
Copyright 2002-2005 Pieterderideaux
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