Abu Al-Shamaqmaq in a poem (d815 AD)

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Taken from: Mohammed Abdullah Al-Shehhi; Al-Rawah Drum Folk Art of Al-Shuhuh Tribe.

Right the verses from his poem


He gave in a poem a very important hint about the skills of the Hijaz negros (Zanj) in beating drums, and their inherent longing towards drumming. This is indeed a valuable piece of proof as to the African origins of drumming in the Arabian Peninsula, he has it:

 

As the Zanj of Hijaz were longing to beat the drums