As illustration only a map of the seven climes from Husayn al-Husayni Khalkhali (1605)
Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi'i:
Umm al Kitab
(Mother of Books) (820)
Taken from: O ye gentlemen: Arabic studies on science and literary culture in honour of ..By Arnoud Vrolijk, J. P. Hogendijk
The spirits who had revolted are returned as punishment into dust, stone, earth, water….
Then follows the history of the creation of the climates (by the spirits who are returned to dust) in their regular order:
Zang, India, Turkestan, China, Khorassan, Iraq, Egypt, and iqlimi haftum (?) The 12 naqibs created the
12 regions (kishwar): Sind, Hind, Tibet, Berber, Rus, Habash, Khazar, Turkistan, Bahrayn, Kuhistan,
Armina, Fars, Maghrib, Asqalan, and Rum. The 28 najibs erected 28 islands: Hind, Sind, Sarandib,
Ishandariyya, Qustantiniyya, Barqyus, Farghana, Andijan, Sawad, Mahin, Barqa, the Greek islands,
Gilan, Afriqa, Asqalan, Nasibin, Malatiya, Suud, Antakiya, Tartus, Kish, Umman, Kark, Maskat.